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Wednesday, April 23, 2008

Is Creatine Monohydrate the Best Form of Creatine?

The International Society of Sports Nutrition, in a commentary published in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2007, states their position regarding the various forms of creatine and which form of creatine is best.

Many forms of creatine exist in the marketplace, and these choices can be very confusing for the consumer. For example, short-term creatine monohydrate supplementation has been reported to improve maximal power/strength (5-15%), work performed during sets of maximal effort muscle contractions (5-15%), single-effort sprint performance (1-5%), and work performed during repetitive sprint performance (5-15%).

Long-term creatine monohydrate supplementation appears to enhance the overall quality of training, leading to 5 to 15% greater gains in strength and performance.

Nearly all studies indicate that "proper" creatine monohydrate supplementation increases body mass by about 1 to 2 kg in the first week of loading.

T! he vast expanse of literature confirming the effectiveness of creatine monohydrate supplementation is far beyond the scope of this review.

Briefly, short-term adaptations reported from creatine monohydrate supplementation include increased cycling power, total work performed on the bench press and jump squat, as well as improved sport performance in sprinting, swimming, and soccer.

Long-term adaptations when combining creatine monohydrate supplementation with training include increased muscle creatine and phosphocreatine content, lean body mass, strength, sprint performance, power, rate of force development, and muscle diameter.

In long-term studies, subjects taking creatine monohydrate typically gain about twice as much body mass and/or fat free mass (i.e., an extra 2 to 4 pounds of muscle mass during 4 to 12 weeks of training) than subjects taking a placebo.

The tremendous numbers of investigations conducted with positive results from creatine mono! hydrate supplementation lead us to conclude that it is the mos! t effect ive nutritional supplement available today for increasing high-intensity exercise capacity and building lean mass.

Extracted and adapted from: Buford TW, Kreider RB, Stout JR, Greenwood M, Campbell B, Spano M, Ziegenfuss T, Lopez H, Landis J, Antonio J. If you are searching for information on improving your health with less drugs and more natural therapy, then this website is for you. International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise. He is also the publisher of Natural Health Remedies. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (

If this article is reproduced please ensure the link to my website is kept live.

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Kevin Flatt is a Freelance Journalist specializing in Natural Medicine. © 2007 Buford et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Green and collegues reported that adding 93 g of carbohydrate to 5 g of creatine monohydrate increased total muscle creatine by 60%.

Similarly, Steenge and collegues reported that adding 47 g of carbohydrate and 50 g of protein to creatine monohydrate was as effective at promoting muscle retention of creatine as adding 96 g of carbohydrate.

Additional investigations by Greenwood and colleagues have reported increased creatine retention from the addition of dextrose or low levels of D-pinitol (a plant extract with insulin-like properties).

While the addition of these nutrients has proved to increase muscle retention, several recent investigations have reported these combinations to be no more effective at improving muscle strength and endurance or athletic performance.

Othe! r recent studies, however, have indicated a potential benefit ! on anaer obic power, muscle hypertrophy, and 1 RM muscle strength when combining protein with creatine.

It appears that combining creatine monohydrate with carbohydrate or carbohydrate and protein produces optimal results. Studies suggest that increasing skeletal muscle creatine uptake may enhance the benefits of training.

Creatine monohydrate appears to be the most effective nutritional supplement currently available in terms of improving lean body mass and anaerobic capacity.

To date, several hundred peer-reviewed research studies have been conducted to evaluate the efficacy of creatine monohydrate supplementation in improving exercise performance.

Nearly 70% of these studies have reported a significant improvement in exercise capacity, while the others have generally reported non-significant gains in performance.

No studies have reported an ergolytic effect on performance although some have suggested that weight gain associated with creatine monohydr! ate supplementation could be detrimental in sports such as running or swimming.

The average gain in performance from these studies typically ranges between 10 to 15% depending on the variable of interest. doi:10.1186/1550-2783-4-6. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2007, 4:6 (30 August 2007). Most of these forms of creatine have been reported to be no better than traditional creatine monohydrate in terms of increasing strength or performance.

The addition of nutrients that increase insulin levels and/or improve insulin sensitivity has been a major source of interest in the last few years by scientists looking to optimize the ergogenic effects of creatine.

The addition of certain macronutrients appears to significantly augment muscle retention of creatine.


At April 27, 2008 at 5:51 PM , Blogger Kevin Flatt said...

This article has been copied from my site which is copyright protected. Please remove it ASAP otherwise, regrettably, I will be forced to report this site for copyright breach to Adsense, Blogger and Google.

Kevin Flatt.
Natural Health Remedies.

At April 27, 2008 at 6:11 PM , Blogger Kevin Flatt said...

I apologize. I checked and realised that it was submitted to Ezine Articles. The confusion is because you have copied it down in a jumbled manner - my bio is not as per Ezine Articles, also you have not retained the link to them as per their conditions.


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